E-cigarettes may encourage children to try tobacco, but may help adults stop smoking.
Children who use and use other forms of e-cigarettes may try more harmful tobacco products, such as ordinary cigarettes, but e-cigarettes do help adults stop smoking.
This is a comprehensive public health review of more than 800 electronic cigarettes published Tuesday by the national academy of sciences, engineering and medical sciences.
“There is solid evidence that most products emit a variety of potentially toxic substances, but quantity and density are variable,” said David Eaton, the report’s director. He is also the dean and vice President of the graduate school at the university of Washington in Seattle.
“In some cases, such as not smoking teenagers and young adults use, its bad influence obviously worthy of attention, and in other cases, such as adult smokers use them to give up smoking, has an opportunity to reduce diseases linked to smoking.
In fact, 15 studies of the NAS review found that when teens and young adults use e-cigarettes, they are more likely to try plain tobacco within a year.
“We found that those who try electronic cigarettes, hookah or smokeless tobacco or cigars children – any of the cigarette tobacco products – a year after trying the possibility of cigarette is the children who did not use other tobacco” two times of tobacco products, public policy researcher at the university of California San Francisco, Shannon Lea Watkins said. Watkins and her colleagues also found that the use of the effect of cigarette products points out: “the use of two or more than two children of cigarette products is four times more likely to use cigarettes a year later.”
However, it is not known how much tobacco they regularly use and whether it becomes a habit. More long-term research is needed.
The NAS report also says there is evidence that e-cigarettes may help adults who have quit smoking, but only if they can convert to e-cigarettes.
Eaton stressed that there was insufficient evidence to suggest that e-cigarettes could work, or that smoking cessation treatments (such as nicotine patches or chewing gum), approved by the FDA, would make smokers quit.
The report found that most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, even though their taste is like bubblegum and floral.
The report also found that e-cigarette emissions did contain some harmful by-products, such as metals, but far less than traditional cigarettes.
“Traditional cigarettes burn, and in the process of burning tobacco, tobacco smoke produces a large amount of very toxic chemicals,” Eaton said. So these combustible products have more adverse health effects.
However, a recent national survey showed that adults do not believe that e-cigarette vapors are toxic.
The us food and drug administration (fda) commissioner Scott Gottlieb (Scott Gottlieb), said the report “is helpful to determine the fields for further study, to better understand the electronic cigarette net impact on public health… We need to place new products like e-cigarettes through proper regulation to assess risk and maximize its potential benefits. ”
Matthew Myers, chairman of the smokeless children’s movement, said in a statement that the agency was disappointed that the FDA did not take sufficient action to manage the products. “This report shows no significant government supervision of what happens to launch new products, it shows why the FDA should be comprehensive and actively implement the overdue e-cigarettes regulations went into effect in August 2016.”
The national academy of sciences report calls for further research.