How does Mr Trump’s food box plan affect health? The native americans know that everything is fine.
Earlier this month, the trump administration sparked outrage by releasing a proposal to reform its supplemental nutrition assistance program, formerly known as food stamps. The plan will replace half of the benefits that people get from boxed, perishable (or not fresh) food, and are chosen by the government rather than by those who eat them.
Among those shocking: American Indian admit that this is the federal food aid to the same type, the tribal history ever accept such assistance, has devastating effects on health.
Since 1977, the U.S. department of agriculture has purchased nonperishable food as part of the Indian reserve food distribution program, distributed in Indian reservations and nearby rural areas. The plan has been designed as a SNAP alternative for low-income indians living in remote areas, but not easy access to grocery stores. The delivery boxes are filled with canned, storage-resistant foods such as peanut butter, meat and vegetables, egg powder and milk.
“If you grew up with like me who grew up in, you will hear ‘I have never tasted the pineapple or real spinach’ story – until you will taste the food, when you grow up” Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Oklahoma jock citizen of the nationality.
Her parents work full-time, but “it’s not enough to support just one family,” she says. They depend on the government’s diet. Breakfast is usually served with milk powder and water. “A lot of times we mashed potato chips with mashed potatoes – you also add water – maybe canned peaches, if you have vegetables, it’s canned, and that’s great.”
Jernigan, is now at the university of Oklahoma, food and environmental health effects of researcher, native americans, he said, the effect of the government commodity based diet can be seen in all over India. “There’s even a name – it’s called a ‘commodity agency’. That’s what we’re saying, because when you eat these foods, it makes you look special. ”
She says the name is a joke, but the health effects of the diet are interesting. According to government statistics, American indians and Alaska natives with white people the possibility of type 2 diabetes are at least two times, and their obesity rate is 1.5 times of Hispanic whites.
Scientists believe the explanation for these health differences may lie in the so-called “thrifty gene” theory, which suggests that native americans are genetically predisposed to obesity and diabetes. But these diseases were not prevalent until the tribe adopted a more processed western diet. Hoover, ill., pointed out that he was the ancestor of Mohawk and Mick mark and taught the earth food movement at brown university.
“A large part of this is not because the soil with the human body is essentially the likely to develop diabetes, this is because the diet does not enough nutrition is rich, but they are very intense heat,” hoover is writing a book about native American efforts to regain its traditional diet culture.
Like SNAP, India’s food-distribution programme aims to complement the family’s food budget. But recent research has found that 60 percent of native americans who receive food aid through the program rely on government programs as their main source of food, Dr. Jernigan said. (according to a new report from the urban institute, 37 percent of SNAP people depend on it as the main source of funding for their food.) Therefore, the quality of food does affect health.
“If you want to know about the impact on family members or families or communities, you can look closely at the experience of the United States,” she said.
Although the program began in the 1970s, the federal government provided longer government goods for American indians. In the late 1940s, the U.S. government began distributing surplus food as a way to support struggling farmers.
Jernigan said, until the 1950 s, the lifestyle diseases (such as type 2 diabetes) a description of the very few – can’t find them in the native American communities, the main problem is malnutrition. “By the 1960s, researchers found a higher proportion of type 2 diabetes in the population.
After the project began in the 1970 s, Jernigan, said: “you start to see the packaging and quality canned food consumption is very high – no fresh vegetables, there is no fresh vegetables, sodium, fat and high sugar content of food. These preventable diseases skyrocketed. ”
The government’s food boxes also contain other content: shame, Joe Van Alstine, a citizen of Little Traverse Bay, Michigan’s Odawa Indian.
“I grew up, and so did a group of my friends. It was always a shame to the jar… You turn it on and it looks terrible, “van alsteiner said.
Hoover said, for many countries of India, the government’s trump “box” harvest proposal back to the childhood memory for food, they are now “shudder when they look back, when they can afford to buy groceries started to avoid”.
Hoover says the nutritional quality of tribal food aid has improved over the years. The study was conducted by the usda food and nutrition service discovery and the satisfaction rate of program participants. Hoover believes that people like van alstine are trying. He is the director of food distribution for his tribe, who is responsible for keeping food distribution plans in the Midwest. He is also the vice President of the national association for the preservation of food distribution, which is made up of tribal representatives who manage federal food aid at the local level.
Over the years, he says, they have promoted the change of the project – for example to include more culture and healthy food, such as manual picking wild rice, plant-eating bison, wild Pacific salmon fishing and blue corn flour. Another welcome innovation: a pattern similar to the grocery store, in this mode, aid the beneficiary can buy a corridor and select their own food, including fresh fruits and vegetables, as well as frozen meat (not just canned). Van Alstine says the stores are about 7-eleven and now have one third of the 103 tribes.
“So when they come in, they do have a choice,” van alsteiner said. “Because I do think that’s why they’re happy.”